Test automation infrastructure consists of three essential components. It consists of a solid test automation framework, the right tools, and support for proper reporting. A test automation framework combines different programs, compilers, features, tools, and more. Choosing the right test automation tool will determine the success of your automated testing process.
It should appropriately leverage your automation framework and integrate easily with other devices in your testing infrastructures, such as bug tracking/reporting tools, test management tools, or continuous integration tools. A robust reporting tool should be a part of your test automation project.
It will enable the QA to access the results of the test scripts for practical debugging. Proper reporting that provides them with real-time visibility will allow them to understand the test results.
The success of test automation depends highly on the test automation framework embedded across the testing infrastructure. The frameworks consist of a set of instructions, guidelines, and corresponding tools to design test cases. The testing team should adopt an appropriate automation framework before proceeding with the app testing project. It will enable them to align the output with the user’s requirements. Framework testing is crucial for supporting test automation accuracy, consistency and reducing test maintenance and associated risks.
Each testing project is unique, and the requirements, duration, and tool choice for every testing approach can vary significantly. Hence, before embarking on the test automation project, it is necessary to choose an appropriate framework that will lead to more innovative and streamlined testing, provide productivity benefits, and generate better results.
Test automation framework is a conceptual part of automated testing and enables testers to utilize resources more efficiently. It consists of coding standards, test-data handling, object repository treatment, and so on.
Test automation framework includes a set of guidelines that may consist of standard practices, assumptions to produce desired outcomes, test tools and interfaces, test libraries, and coding standards. It standardizes the test automation practices to modify easily, add, and delete test scripts. It provides scalability and reliability in test automation with much lesser effort. With the right test automation framework software, the QA can achieve consistency, reliability, and efficiency in automation testing.
Benefits Of Test Automation Framework
Deploying the proper test automation framework within app testing will enable the testers to unlock application efficiency and cost-effective benefits. It streamlines the testing approach, reducing manual efforts, and helps identify bugs early in the testing pipeline. It supports the continuous execution of test scripts and helps in releasing apps faster in the target market.
The initial cost of implementing the framework is higher, but it provides better cost-saving benefits and helps generate higher ROI in the long run. The testers can deploy the framework for similar testing needs in the future with the same test scripts. Therefore, code reusability is one of its most significant use cases.
The different practices in Agile methodology, such as Continuous Integration (CI), Continuous Delivery, Test-Driven Development (TDD), and Behavior-Driven Development (BDD), depend significantly on the efficiency of test automation. Implementing the proper framework makes it easier to streamline and define the entire test automation approach. The automation frameworks build the foundation for supporting various test cases in the automated testing suite. It may include
- Unit testing
- Functional requirement testing
- Performance testing
- GUI testing
- Regression testing
- Integration testing
- System load testing
- Security testing
Types Of Test Automation Frameworks
The different types of test automation frameworks include
- Linear Scripting Frameworkrecords and replays test scripts in sequence or linearly, with little to no modification.
- Data-Driven Framework: A source of test criteria consisting of internal and external data specifies the test scripts.
- Keyword-Driven Framework: A library of functions for an assigned keyword determines the action of a test script.
- Modular Testing Framework: The AUT is divided into modules with individual test scripts, which are then combined to make larger test scripts.
- Hybrid Testing Framework:It combines various frameworks to develop a custom-built approach that leverages the strength of each framework.
How To Choose the Right Test Automation Framework?
- Testing Requirements: Understand your testing requirements and scopes of testing. Identify the test cases that will form a part of your test automation suite and prioritize the test cases accordingly. Also, identify the team that is responsible for running, executing, and maintaining the framework.
- Understand The AUT:Before initiating the framework selection, analyze the elements, functioning, and complexities of the application under test (AUT). It will help you choose and design a more robust framework that suits your app better.
- Research All The Frameworks: There are different types of test automation frameworks, as discussed above. You need to identify the pros and cons of each framework to choose the right one. Evaluate the skills of the testing team for finding the right fit. Ensure that the framework is intuitive, straightforward, maintainable, and scalable.
- Try Out Prospective Frameworks: Before implementing a framework, you need to prove the concept. Running a spike test for each of them will help you understand which of the framework suits better.
These are a few essential factors that characterize the test automation framework. Following the guide will help you adopt the proper framework and deliver success in your gets automation project. Also, know the reason to have accounting software and many more articles on Best Digital Updates.