According to tastytrade, the largest profit margins come from a market that moves in your favor. You want the odds of the market to show in your favor before entering it. One way to measure an option’s range of probable favor is by measuring volatility. Being able to distinguish when the market rises or falls makes you good, but assessing likely volatility can make you even better.
What is the IV of Options Trading?
Volatility is what investors use to measure how substantial markets move are incremental. When those measurements are implied, they present a prediction of volatility for a span of time. Volatility is normal when a stock ticks up and down in a range of a dollar or so. Stock prices that immediately move from $20 to $120, however, show extreme volatility. This is especially true if a $20 stock’s price rallied to $120 via $30 increments—in a week.
The value of each achieved increment is what constitutes volatility. The direction isn’t as important as the breadth of value moved. Even if our prior stock example reached $50 from $20 in minutes, moving back down to $20 maintains a volatile condition. Without accounting for the specific direction, the magnitude of each market move distinguishes volatility. When applied to options, investors want to, instead, predict future volatility for positions they’ll hold over time.
How IV Works
The effects of volatility come when the volume of trades, the amount of money, and the determination of bears or bulls are high. As applied to options, volatility is the speculated calculation on how much a stock option’s price will move. Implied volatility, unlike common volatility, takes into account today and the future. For this reason, your IV, which is computed by your broker, is a type of risk analysis.
The assessment of risk exists due to volatility being measured in both directions. When you expect a contract to rise in price, for example, its volatility measure shows how far prices could go down as well. The same measurement, interestingly, is how high prices could go up. When the risk is measured, you have to ask yourself about how much deviation you can personally handle. Contracts that are likely to move in large price ranges are riskier than others.
Examples of Common IV
The simplest way to read implied volatility is in percentages. If your IV is at 27 percent, for example, prices could range from $73 to $127 if the stock option was first priced at $100. Now, if this range is expected within a week’s time, you should consider a different option to enter. However, if it’s expected over a few months, you might assess the risk as manageable.
As you look for solid opportunities, keep in mind the risk you can handle. The losses investors incur don’t just hurt their money. There are risks to your mental and emotional health also. You want to protect these things just like money.