To understand what causes brain tumour and how it can one can cure it; one needs to understand what a brain tumor is. A brain tumor can be cancerous and non-cancerous depending upon the growth of the tumour. It is an abnormal growth of cells in the brain. This tumour can either start in the brain and spread from there- this us called primary brain tumour or developed a cyst somewhere in the body and then spread to the brain- this is called secondary or metastatic brain tumour.
There are several types of brain tumours. The non-cancerous brain tumours are called benign; the cancerous ones are called malignant.
The frequency of the growth of brain tumours varies to large extents. The growth rate and the location of the tumour determine how it will affect the nervous system and its functions.
Brain tumors strictly require medical diagnosis.
The Symptoms of Brain Tumor Are As Follows-
- Headaches: they can be continuous and severe or short-lived. They can worsen with working overboard or start early in the morning.
- Muscular Problems: Difficulty in walking, instability, muscle pulls and weaknesses, problems with coordination, weakness on one side of the body or weakness in the arms or legs are specific symptoms.
- Whole-body: One is likely to feel dizzy, fatigued or vertigo.
- Sensory: The sensation towards touch reduces.
- Cognitive: One may find it challenging to compose or comprehend.
- Other Common Symptoms: Other common symptoms include blurred vision, change in personality, seizures or sleepiness.
- Vision: The vision can reduce, and peripheral vision can also go for a toss.
The Treatment And Precautions of Brain Tumour Are As Follows:
- Medication: Chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is a drug treatment that kills cells that are growing or multiplying too quickly. The most common drugs used are temozolomide, lomustine, procarbazine and vincristine separately or together.
- Brain tumour surgery: Craniotomy is the most common type of brain tumour surgery. During a craniotomy, the neurosurgeon cuts out an area of bone from your skull. This gives an opening so that they can operate the brain.
- Tomotherapy: a Cancer treatment that aims high dose radiation tumours from many directions. It reduces damages the nearby tissue and prevents it from spreading further.
- Radiation Therapy: It is a treatment that uses x-rays and other high-energy rays to kill abnormal cells.
Prevention’s or Precautions:
There are generally no prevention’s for brain cancer, and it is rare to control. However, one can make sure they reduce the risk of getting it if they
- Avoid exposure to pesticides and insecticides or inhaling any harmful chemicals that are likely to make you feel uneasy and nauseous.
- Avoid exposure to carcinogenic chemicals.
- Also, Avoid smoking, better yet, do not smoke at all because it can cause not only brain cancer or tumour but also thyroid problems like tuberculosis.
- Avoid unnecessary exposure to radiation. This includes excessively using mobile phones and laptops without taking a break and with high brightness levels.